This wave is an electron.
Mr. Jocelyn Marcotte's equations below are fundamental.
ELECTRONS ARE WAVES
I have been fascinated by optics and wave phenomena since my early age. So I know well that Huygens' Principle is always highly reliable.
Around 1995, personal computers finally became fast and practical. I elaborated a new algorithm whose goal was to perform summation of Huygens' well known wavelets inside a 3-D space. I was working on the Airy disk, which is the amazing interference pattern which is present at the focal plane of any convergent lens or telescope mirror.
The program was a hit. The results below represent a very seldom shown Airy disk. It should behave like this only for a very wide aperture angle: 180°. This means that instead of the usual narrow light cone, the source is a full hemisphere. Look at this!
The Airy disk for a 180° aperture angle.
It can also be considered as one half of an electron. Rightward waves only are present.
Mr. Marcotte's equations above predict exactly the graphics shown in the lower right corner.
The FreeBASIC Airy disk program Ether16.exe Ether16.bas is still available only in French.
Please be patient. I am improving my English and this site will be progressively upgraded.
Discovering the electron.
While working on this, I already knew that matter and especially electrons should be made of spherical standing waves. I was also aware that such waves should undergo the Doppler effect, allowing them to move freely at variable speeds. However, I did not reveal this major discovery because I feared (I was wrong!) that a better knowledge of matter, considering the amazing forces involved, would lead us to a devastating Apocalypse. It is a well known fact that most discoveries such as radioactivity were always followed by more and more powerful weapons.
I could never find any indication that this could be true for the wave nature of matter, though. So, in 2002, I wrote a book which was exempt of any mystery: Matter is made of Waves. It was not the case for another book written in 2000: The Theory of Absolute. I had to make it very evanescent about the wave nature of matter (it is not my discovery, but I was the first and I am still the only person who can explain all about it: electrons, matter, forces, mechanics). My goal was simply to restore Lorentz's Relativity, whose concept is absolute. Although this point of view leads to the same predictions as Einstein's, it should be emphasized that Relativity, while it proves to be true, is nevertheless the result of our errors while recording any phenomenon.
I discovered Mr. Milo Wolff's site in July 2003. Many observations appear to be correct, but I must strongly disapprove some of his ideas here, and especially the WSM (wave structure of matter) ideology using philosophy in order to make scientific discoveries. This is weird. But Milo was right at least in one point: his concentric spherical standing wave showed a full wavelength core. Both static and Doppler models, which I presented in 2002, showed only a half-wavelength core. This may seem strange, but exploring a new world is not obvious. I simply had not yet realized the similitude between the electron and the Airy disk.So I immediately returned to my Airy disk program and I found that Mr. Wolff was right. I obtained this:
Two opposite 180° Airy disks adding themselves produce a spherical standing wave system.
The full lambda core indicates that a pi phase shift (actually a wave acceleration) must occur inside.
In order to achieve this, waves traveling through the core must behave in a very unusual way.
Mr. Milo Wolff's static electron and its full lambda core, according to Huygens' Principle.
I solemnly declare here that the Doppler moving electron is my discovery. It was shown in my book and I called it LaFreniere's Wave when I uploaded my first Internet web pages in September 2002.
The electron can move at any speed from 0 to nearly the speed of light through the aether because it undergoes the Doppler effect (or the Lorentz transformations: no difference). In spite of my desperate attempts to make him recognize that, M. Wolff never did.
I also showed before anyone else the correct diagrams for it. Unfortunately, Mr. Marcotte's formulas were missing, but I succeeded anyway. As a matter of fact, Huygens' Principle is far more important and relevant as a tool because the results are also a convincing proof that the system should behave this way.
This wave shows all of the electron properties.
The electron's properties are well known. The list is astounding. It is so small that it has no apparent dimension. Its electrostatic charge is negative. There is also a positive antiparticle, the positron, which exhibits exactly the same properties except for the opposite charge. Its wave properties are now a well admitted fact. It can accelerate, slow down and change its direction. It can act and react as a result of an apparent contact, but also at a distance. It contains intrinsic energy according to mc^2, and additional kinetic energy according to m(gamma – 1)c^2 while moving as a result of Lorentz's mass increase. Except for the spin, which is either –1/2 or +1/2, all electrons are rigorously identical.
In addition, the electron is the main player for a lot of phenomena such as magnetic and electric fields, light and radio waves emission, and chemical reactions. It can stabilize itself around the nucleus to form an atom, and can bind molecules together. Finally, it is a well known fact that electron and positron collisions can produce quarks and gluonic fields. This indicates that in this case electrons and positrons involved do not really annihilate. They should most likely be still present inside quarks and have their standing waves joined together as gluonic fields. This strongly suggests that matter (or any other particle) is solely made of electrons.
This is a huge responsibility, but the electron magnificently takes up the challenge. This web site explains how it is possible.
The moving spherical standing waves calculus.
So the electron appears to be a very special Airy disk whose aperture angle is 360°. As seen above, just one hemisphere is the source of traveling waves, but adding the opposite one rather produces standing waves. This is Milo Wolff's unmoving electron. Now let's see how the Doppler effect should transform it.
Using Huygens' Principle, I submitted all of Huygens' wavelets to a Doppler effect. The algorithm then becomes a bit more complicated because the wavelength must shorten regularly from 1+beta backward to 1–beta forward. The computer produces the following result, which is correct only along the displacement axis:
The Doppler moving electron's axial waves using Huygens' Principle.
This was confirmed in July 2006 by Mr. Jocelyn Marcotte thanks to the Virtual Aether.
Mr. Jocelyn Marcotte informed me in January 2006 that he had found a new algorithm for the aether. It is different from Mr. Philippe Delmotte's, the first inventor, because square or sawtooth waves are propagating normally, while Delmotte's produces some sort of heat, a local vibration of the "aether granules". This does not mean that it is better. It is simply different, and this suggests that there could exist many options for an ideal aether. However, in both cases, sine waves behave normally, much like the sound propagates inside a solid and homogeneous substance such as quartz.
Mr. Marcotte graduated in 1989 as an electric engineer from École Polytechnique, Université de Montréal, Québec, Canada. He is obviously a champion in computer programming, because he firstly had to handle the new FreeBASIC programming language. He then immediately succeeded in testing Milo Wolff's static electron inside his own 3-D Virtual Aether. Among others, he also tested the evolution of a standard Gaussian impulse, and he seemed to be the only person on Earth who understood my Airy disk algorithm (up to now, just three people did). By March 2006, he informed me that Milo Wolff's static electron could be represented using the equation below where y stands for amplitude and x for distance in radians: x = 2 * pi * distance / lambda and :
y = sin(x) / x
This is a well known equation in the math literature, but as far as I know it was not intended for spherical standing waves. It is a solution of Bessel's spherical function. I have been using the equivalent for a long time: y = sin(2 * pi * distance / lambda) / distance. The distance (x is more exactly the delay) not being in radians, the wave shape for the electron core was wrong, though.
On July 27, 2006, Mr. Marcotte finally found that the two wave sets traveling in opposite directions and producing the electron could be calculated according to the formula below, for quadrature (pi / 2):
y = (1 – cos(x) ) / x
This formula is also well known in math literature. As far as I know both equations were mainly used in order to find the precalculus limits before performing trigonometric differential calculus.
Those formulas are awesome:
Jocelyn Marcotte's equations and the resulting graphics.
Mr. Marcotte finally found that these equations could show the wave rotation. He had to introduce a t time (also in radians, from 0 pi to 2 * pi), and join them together like this:
y = (cos(t) * sin(x) – sin(t) * (1 – cos(x) ) ) / x
y = (cos(t) * sin(x) + sin(t) * (1 – cos(x) ) ) / x (opposite direction)
Mr. Philippe Delmotte found this simplification in September 2006 :
y = (sin(t + x) – sin(t)) / x
I made two programs showing all this. Don't miss them! I translated it into English because it is important. I also translated the FreeBASIC source code.
You may freely copy, distribute and even modify them. Here is a screenshot from the first one:
A screenshot from the English program showing Marcotte's equations.
I also made an AVI animation showing this: Aether06_Marcotte.avi
The Doppler effect.
The on-axis regular Doppler effect is quite simple: 1 – beta forward and 1 + beta backward (beta = v/c). In addition, the Lorentz transformations indicate that the electron frequency should slow down, producing a longer basic wavelength. I applied those modifications to Marcotte's equations in order to show how its standing waves should behave while the electron is moving. Surprisingly, the well known envelope showing the nodes and antinodes is still present.
The electron contraction.
Despite the longer basic wavelength, the envelope containing nodes and antinodes rather contracts according to Lorentz's contraction factor.
This is consistent with Lorentz's first equation.
More energy means more mass for the accelerated electron.
Lorentz also predicted that the electron mass should increase according to the gamma factor. This was soon verified by M. Kaufmann. The point is: while any emitter accelerates, the forward wave amplitude increases much more severely then it is reduced backward.
The Doppler program (see below) shows that the electron amplitude indeed increases at high speed. So its energy, hence its mass, increases. This also indicates that the gain in mass according to the gamma factor is pure energy (kinetic): E = m(gamma–1)c^2, as a consequence of the Doppler effect.
However, this gain in energy must be measured by an observer at rest. Any instrument moving along with the electron would record wrong data because the Doppler effect is unnoticeable inside the same frame of reference. This was discovered in 1842 by Christian Doppler himself...
Here is a screen capture from the Doppler program:
A screenshot from Aether06_Marcotte_Doppler.exe Source Code Aether06_Marcotte_Doppler.bas
The programs are in English. See also Aether06_Marcotte_Doppler.avi
THE ELECTRON DOPPLER EFFECT
The Lorentz transformations indicate that a "local time" takes place inside any moving system. Actually, this means that the electron wave phase should vary along the displacement axis. The phase is retarded forward according to the distance to the center. Waves are rather pulsating in advance at the rear.
The effect on the moving electron is obvious. Its standing waves no longer pulsate everywhere simultaneously. So a phase wave whose velocity is 1 / beta wavelength per period becomes visible. The normalized beta speed equals v / c, hence c = 1 here.
And because the local time is the same everywhere on a transverse plane, this phase wave is plane. It is clearly noticeable (see the animations below) in the form of vertical stripes moving forward, always faster then the speed of light.
The electron and the Lorentz transformations.
The Lorentz transformations can be simplified using a theta angle which equals arc sin(v / c):
Lorentz's Doppler trigonometric equations.
For example, lets suppose that a material body is moving at 86.6% of the speed of light.
Then beta = .866 and theta = 60°. The first part of the first equation above means that this material body will contract to one half of its normal length (cos 60° = .5). Note that this occurs only along the displacement axis. The second part indicates that this body will have moved from x = 0 to x = .866 light-seconds (sin 60° = .866) after a one second delay. This is quite obvious: a speed of .866 light-seconds per second surely means that it will move to .866 light seconds after 1 second. One does not really need Lorentz's equation to understand this!
It should be emphasized that Lorentz established that transverse distances never change: y'=y; z'=z. This indicates that the electron wavelength along those axes should be constant. Because a transverse Doppler contraction according to g normally occurs, the electron frequency must slow down according to the same g factor. I wrote an English (this includes the source code) program showing that this produces a larger wavelength which cancels the transverse wavelength contraction:
– Moving clocks are ticking slower because they are made out of electrons which frequency is slower.
– Matter does not contract on transverse y and z axes because its electrons transverse wavelength does not change in spite of the Doppler effect.
– Matter contracts along the displacement axis because its electrons' axial standing waves contract according to g. Standing wave contraction is still not so well known, yet it is undisputable. Now, the Michelson interferometer contraction can be explained because the electron really binds molecules according to its wavelength.
– Any moving observer cannot detect this Doppler effect because it is perfectly symmetrical.
The electron forward wavelength for beta = .5 is (1 – beta) / g = .577 * lambda while the backward wavelength is (1 + beta) / g = 1.732 * lambda. Note that 1 / .577 = 1.732. This reciprocity will fool any moving observer trying to detect the Doppler effect.
I know that you will seriously doubt this. So I wrote the Ether14.exe program (source code Ether14.bas) in order to prove it. This program is highly consistent and reliable. It shows that any observer moving with the system at the same speed will be unable to measure his absolute speed through the aether. He will always think that he is at rest. He will rather think that a system which is truly at rest is moving.
This is what Relativity is all about. No more mystery. No more tricky reasoning. So forget about inane ideas such as space contraction and time dilation.
This is indeed a great discovery: the Lorentz transformations are nothing else but the electron's Doppler effect. Please examine my program Ether17.exe (source code Ether17.bas). You don't need to know French for that: just observe. Examine the source code and you will see that the Doppler effect is really generated by the modified Lorentz equations shown above.
The phase wave.
So the phase wave is a consequence of the Lorentz transformations. Look at those animated diagrams showing the moving electron at different speeds. Assuming that the electron accelerates, intervals between vertical stripes (which indicates a phase shift) become more and more narrow, and the stripes' speed slows down until it is very near to c:
|v = 0,1 c||v = 0,5 c|
The moving vertical stripes indicate a phase shift as a result of Lorentz's "local time".
The accelerating electron also shows the nodes and antinodes contraction.
The phase shifts occur on vertical planes regularly spaced according to g * lambda / beta wavelengths.
This is a consequence of Lorentz's second equation..
The result is a "phase wave" moving at 1 / beta wavelengths per period, or light-seconds per second.
It should be pointed out that my "Time Scanner" conveniently exploits this phase wave in order to reproduce the Lorentz transformations. For example, scanning concentric waves moving inwards or outwards will add a Doppler effect to them. Surprisingly, it will also transform Milo Wolff's static electron into my moving electron.
This Time Scanner is an invention of mine proving that the Lorentz transformations are simply a Doppler effect involving a slower frequency.
THE VIRTUAL AETHER TO THE RESCUE
Mr. Philippe Delmotte.
The Virtual Aether is Mr. Philippe Delmotte's brilliant invention (June 2005). It is a computerized virtual medium capable of reproducing any wave phenomenon. Its algorithm supposes that the aether is made of an infinite number of "granules", which can vibrate in accordance with Hooke's law. Thus those granules must initially contain kinetic energy, and also inertia, which can be seen as a memory of its precedent energy. In addition, this energy can be transmitted to the nearest neighbors.
The program algorithm is remarkably simple. Believe it or not, this pure jewel needs only three program lines! Although it is available only in French, you can check that: Ether04.exe and the source code Ether04.bas. I must repeat here: this is what genius is all about...
M. Jocelyn Marcotte.
On July 10, 2006, Mr. Jocelyn Marcotte succeeded in experimenting my Doppler moving electron. Even better, he used the Lorentz transformations in order to reproduce the Doppler effect. Those transformations are not about a space-time distortion. They more simply predict the way on-axis waves contract and exhibit local phases producing a "phase wave". Mr. Marcotte used his own Virtual Aether algorithm (see Ether04_Marcotte.bas), which is different from Mr. Delmotte's, in a 3-D space.
In my opinion, this experiment will be related in the future as a memorable achievement. It was the ultimate proof, showing that this amazing wave can exist. Because today's science is afflicted with a lot of errors, this new discovery will launch a severe revolution in the world of physics.
Mr. Marcotte's program displays an electron moving as predicted, but alas inside a limited 500^3 granules aether cube. In a few years, computers will run over 3 GHz with RAM over 3 GB (or using multiple core processors) and our programs will deliver better results.
Clearly, the Virtual Aether results are consistent with those using Huygen's Principle. The graphics below is a screenshot from Mr. Marcotte's 3-D program; check that the on-axis wave structure is identical to that obtained with the Aether06_Marcotte_Doppler.exe program shown above. The overall wave structure is also identical to that obtained with the Aether_10_Marcotte.exe program, which shows that Mr. Marcotte's equations can reproduce the whole electron structure:
This is a screen capture from Mr. Jocelyn Marcotte's 3-D (cubic) Virtual Aether program.
And here is a 500 images AVI animation produced thanks to Mr. Marcotte's program.
See the electron moving freely to the right without any mathematical intervention.
Unfortunately, without aether waves, no amplification can occur and it vanishes rapidly.
We will need a much larger aether in order to produce a more satisfying experience.
However, this is a flawless demonstration: this wave proves to work perfectly.
Mr. Marcotte's formulas are eternal.
Without energy, the electron standing waves would emit spherical outgoing waves, and it would rapidly fade out. Obviously, they need replenishment. This is accomplished by powerful and constant aether waves. Traveling waves penetrating through standing wave antinodes are deviated because of a lens effect. A small part of the energy is transferred to the standing waves. This constantly refilled energy allows the electron to exist forever.
Mr. Jocelyn Marcotte's formulas are eternal too. Of course, they have been well known for a long time in math literature. However, they had never been linked to spherical standing waves, especially not to the electron.
Check those amazingly simple and elegant equations:
It should be pointed out that the cosine indicates quadrature (pi / 2 phase), which is normally the highest amplitude point. However, the electron central antinode is an exception because it is a full wavelength wide. A pi / 2 phase shift occurs in the center, and so the maximum amplitude there is indicated by the sine function while the cosine indicates the zero level. Anywhere else the normal amplitude level according to the distance remains the rule, though.
If all happens like I presume, in the future, those equations will be recognized as the first equations of all. They are fundamental.
The electron is not infinite.
Outgoing spherical waves weaken according to the square of the distance. The light from a star, for instance, can travel for billions of years, almost infinitely. It never totally disappears.
The electron too produces outgoing spherical waves. Those are regular traveling waves. Because the electron is rather made of standing waves, the waves' amplitude can no longer be the same everywhere in both directions, making them "partially standing waves". Finally, even farther, just outgoing traveling waves remain.
The diagram below shows how the transition between those three states is possible:
The electron is not made of pure standing waves.
Far from the center, standing waves are progressively replaced by traveling waves.
Obviously, while it is accelerating, slowing down or changing its direction, the electron cannot use its incoming waves any more. Its focal point is not compatible with their future position any more.
However, the radiation pressure mechanism can overcome this problem. Waves emitted by an electron will inevitably encounter those incoming from all other electrons, especially on the axis joining them. This will produce a very special set of standing waves, a field of force, which will also be amplified by aether waves. Half of the resulting energy is then returned and focused directly towards both electrons which created the field.
My French program Ether13.exe (source code: Ether13.bas) shows clearly how and why this phenomenon is possible. Please do not pay attention to the language and just observe the animation. Those fields of force are emitting focused and powerful traveling waves towards the electron. And because their phase and wavelength do not necessarily coincide, the electron will progressively change its position according to them.
Because the wave's amplitude is higher near the center, it turns out that half of the electron energy could certainly be present inside a very small sphere, maybe the size of an atom. There is enough space for thousands and even millions of wavelengths, though. The other half may expand inside a much wider sphere.
The amplification process can be seen like the production of an infinite number of Huygens' wavelets. According to Huygens, the wavelets' addition must create a wave front wherever their phases coincide. Clearly, incoming wavelets can produce standing waves, but outgoing ones can only produce outgoing wavefronts.
It turns out that the wavelets' summation, hence new energy, is far greater near the center. It does not obey the square of the distance law. This indicates that very far from the electron, permanent standing waves compatible with the core phase cannot exist.
The Virtual Aether is a new tool which can show how a limited number of wavelets will behave. The diagram below is a good example:
Philippe Delmotte's Virtual Aether (2-D here) allows one to reproduce any wave phenomenon.
This diagram suggests that the electron, assuming that it is amplified, must be finite.
This is a very provisional result, though. We will slowly but surely improve our methods.
THE ELECTRON SPIN
One wave. Two particles. Four phases.
Standing waves exhibit nodes where the medium pressure remains constant, and antinodes where negative and positive energy alternate. They produce regularly spaced nodes and antinodes whose distance is a half-wavelength, but in the meantime the medium pressure is the same everywhere and the system seems to disappear.
The point is that such antinodes appear twice per period. This means that while a standing wave system is producing a positive antinode at a given x coordinate, another perfectly synchronized system placed crosswise can rather produce a negative antinode there. Both systems being identical, their pulsating period is not for an observer placed there.
So this is a relative point of view. All electrons are perfectly identical, but their unique central antinode is a privileged one. The amplitude there can be positive while it is negative inside another one, but all antinodes will be present simultaneously.
This means that while one core is positive, another one can be negative. In other words, its phase is pi shifted with respect to the other. In the meantime, all other antinodes are present, but their position is lambda / 2 shifted. This means that two sorts of electron are possible. The electron spin does not refer to a mechanical rotation. It is the consequence of a phase rotation, and in order to achieve this all electrons must be perfectly synchronized.
In addition, two times per period, such synchronized standing waves seem to disappear because the medium pressure is unifor everywhere. This is called quadrature, which can be either pi / 2 or 3 pi / 2. This indicates that there is some place for two other particles, two sorts of positrons, whose antinodes also appear simultaneously.
Assuming that electrons can synchronize themselves mutually, all positrons in the vicinity will less or more rapidly transform their phase and become electrons. The atomic structure makes it so that electrons are always nearer one from another, while positrons are also grouped. Moreover, the proton structure supposes that the three quarks should produce a pi / 2 phase shift in its center, making a hidden positron very comfortable there.
The spin effect.
Two electrons close together behave normally in spite of the spin difference. But up and down spin produce opposite magnetic fields when the electron standing waves are adding to the positron's. A surprising unidirectional radiation appears, and the direction determines the north and south pole. This means that one hydrogen atom only is certainly magnetic. It is a dipole, and the sun's surface clearly proves this. However, the hydrogen molecule is made of two hydrogen atoms. Because it is not magnetic, it should contain two electrons whose spin is +1/2 and -1/2.
For the same reason, any atom should contain an equal number of spins, which should be placed on opposite sides. Otherwise, the resulting atom will show a residual polarity which will modify its chemical properties. This is partially the cause of Pauli's Exclusion Principle.
The electron spin (up and down, or +1/2 and -1/2) is the consequence of a phase rotation. It can be either -pi/2, pi/2, 3pi/2, etc. The positron's quadrature is rather 0 pi, pi, 2 pi, etc. The word spin indicates a mechanical rotation, but this would suggest an axis which has never been demonstrated. Moreover, such a real spin is unlikely to be possible because the electron is so small that it can be seen as a point.
So the spin is the wave period. Here is a diagram showing this:
Two sorts of spin for the electron and two more for the positron.
The errors of the past must be corrected.
Scientists should realize that even today, the electron structure and mechanism is still totally unknown. Most (not to say all) of physical phenomena such as magnetic fields remain unexplained. Facing such a situation, one should think a lot about it and, if possible, propose some hypothesis. This web site does propose a full set of them, which suppose that matter is made of waves. Because it is the only mechanically acceptable theory up to now, it cannot be ignored any longer.
This theory seems suspicious mainly because it is not consistent with today's false but well accepted ideas such as electromagnetic waves or photons. The problem is certitude. Why are most scientists so confident about their knowledge? There should be a place for doubt. Haven't they ever heard of Descartes?
The scientific world is facing an enormous problem: it is stuck in a blind alley. Many well accepted ideas are simply false, and the sum of them is an impediment to new discoveries. For example, Maxwell presented his equations on "electromagnetic waves" in 1873. Surprisingly, all scientists immediately agreed with that. This attitude is unacceptable. Maxwell just forged a set of equations. He never showed that electric and magnetic fields could really travel through space at the speed of light. He never explained the true nature and mechanism of electric and magnetic fields. And finally subsequent physicists accepted Einstein's idea that those fields should be packed inside photons and that they could move at the same speed in any frame of reference (no aether needed!).
Let's be clear: electromagnetic waves do not exist. Fresnel tried to explain polarization but failed (one more error). There is no aether transverse vibration. Light is made of regular longitudinal traveling waves, but it is emitted by at least two particles. Suppose that one emitter is moving in a circular motion while another one emits a perfectly synchronized signal. Then the interference pattern must undulate. The undulation plane determines the polarization. Moreover, the frequency is that of the undulations, not that of the electrons. It is a secondary frequency. In spite of the electron's unique very high frequency, lower frequencies become possible on a very large spectrum from radio frequencies up to gamma rays.
Maxwell's equations yield correct results because those electric and magnetic fields are virtually present inside radio waves. Because their phase is undulating, they can indeed produce such fields when they encounter some matter. They simply reproduce the same electron motion which was going on during the emission. Except for the square of the distance law, the emission and reception process is perfectly symmetric.
So all happens as if the fields were traveling. But they are not.
Truth takes time.
Einstein's Relativity proves to be true, but it is the consequence of our inevitable errors while recording Doppler distorted data. It is false from an absolute point of view. There is no true Relativity because Galileo's Relativity Principle is wrong. Let's be realistic: space simply cannot contract. Lorentz's Relativity is totally true, though, and it should be clear that the aether is not just a preferred frame of reference. It is the only one, it is Cartesian, not Galilean, and it is absolute. In addition, Relativity does not involve gravity, and gravity cannot bend space (did you really believe that?). Non-euclidian geometry is false. So there is no "general Relativity".
One could list tons of such errors. The goal is to eliminate them and restore the truth. This will need a long and hard reconstruction period.
This web site is on the Internet since five years and the truth still takes time. However, we are providing more and more proofs. The "mobile standing wave" works. It is a fact. It is undisputable. And because all its properties strongly suggest that it could be an electron, it should be an electron.
Scientists should admit that their knowledge is uncertain. I am confident that they will examine this theory. Time will finally let the truth emerge and shine.
In the future, many of today's students will have heard about the wave nature of matter too, while their curiosity was still awake. They will doubt today's dogmatic and weird theories. Descartes' doubt is invincible.They are more likely to accept the idea that matter is made of waves, and some of them will boldly go ahead.
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On the Internet since September 2002. Last update February 29, 2008.